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A way of choosing the people for a study by letting them set themselves apart from a larger group in some way; for example, by responding to a questionnaire or by going to a program.
Data that may include items such as people's ideas and opinions. A characteristic of qualitative research.
People with an interest (stake) in the research. Examples are subjects of the research, including service users and carers, researchers, agency staff, funding bodies and commissioners of research. Politicians and policy makers are also increasingly becoming research stakeholders.
Textual analysis is used in the analysis of secondary source data and also in qualitative research. It involves working on a text in depth, looking for keywords and concepts and making links between them. The term also extends to literature reviewing. Increasingly, much textual analysis is done using computer programs such as NVivo, ATLAS.ti, and NU*DIST.
A way of explaining, or trying to explain, a set of facts.
A statistical method that combines data from different groups by exploring the data downwards – that is, first comparing data from the whole set, and then looking at individual sites or groups.
Triangulation is a multi-method or pluralistic approach, using different methods in order to focus on the research topic from different viewpoints and to produce a multi-faceted set of data. Also used to check the validity of findings from any one method.
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