The types of questions you ask will depend on what you want to know about the program. But, in general, questions for a formative evaluation will probe if the program is being carried out as it was intended and what improvements, if any, are needed. Questions for a summative evaluation will probe if the program did what it was meant to do.
For a formative evaluation, you may want to ask the following questions:
- What were the original or envisioned resources/inputs and activities of the program (usually depicted as a program logic model)?
- How has the program actually developed and been implemented?
- Do the activities match those in the program logic model?
- What are the barriers or challenges to developing and implementing the program?
- How have these barriers been addressed?
- What are the facilitators for the development and implementation of the program?
- What contextual factors have impacted the development, implementation, success, and challenges of this program?
- Have the appropriate human and material resources been obtained?
- Is the program unfolding on time?
- What lessons have been learned in developing and implementing the program?
- What are the recommendations or suggestions to refine or enhance the program?
For a summative evaluation, you may want to ask the following questions:
- What were the outputs and outcomes of the program?
- Were there any unintended impacts of the program, positive or negative?
- Were the program’s stated goals and objectives met?
- Was the program equally effective for all participants?
- What was the perceived value of the program by the various stakeholders?
- Were the resources and inputs sufficient to achieve the goals of the program?
- Was the program worth the investment?
- Can the program be replicated and transferred?